A Nordic diet could reduce the dangers of being overweight, a study suggests. Scientists at the University of Eastern Finland found that eating fish, berries, wholegrains and vegetables reduces genes associated with inflammation linked to chronic diseases.
Middle-aged men and women with signs of metabolic syndrome (a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity) ate the “Viking diet”, including three portions of fish a week, low-fat dairy products and rapeseed oil. While their weight remained the same, some inflammation-associated genes were lowered.
The Finnish team says the potential of food to affect inflammation-associated genes without weight loss could be key in fighting metabolic syndrome and other chronic conditions.
The findings were published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The study follows research carried out at the University of Copenhagen last year, which showed that participants who followed a Nordic diet for six months lost more weight and had lower blood pressure than those who followed a conventional diet.